The Foot Alignment Evolution

The knowledge about feet has evolved significantly from the time of Leonardo da Vinci to the present day. Here are some key developments:

Leonardo da Vinci Era (late 15th to early 16th century):

  • Leonardo da Vinci was a pioneer in the study of human anatomy, and he made numerous drawings and notes about the structure and function of the feet.
  • He was particularly interested in the mechanics of the foot and how it interacts with the ground during walking and running.
  • Da Vinci’s anatomical drawings were some of the most accurate of his time, but they were limited by the technology available to him. He did not have access to X-rays or other imaging techniques, so he had to rely on dissection and observation to study the foot.

18th and 19th Centuries:

  • The development of the microscope and other scientific instruments allowed for more detailed study of the foot at the cellular and molecular level.
  • Scientists began to investigate the role of nerves and muscles in the foot, and to explore the ways in which the foot interacts with other parts of the body.
  • Some of the key figures in this era included French anatomist Jean-Martin Charcot, German physiologist Emil Du Bois-Reymond, and British orthopedic surgeon Hugh Owen Thomas.

20th Century:

  • The invention of X-rays and other imaging techniques revolutionized the study of the foot, allowing scientists and medical professionals to see the internal structure of the foot in great detail.
  • As a result, there have been significant advances in the diagnosis and treatment of foot and ankle injuries and conditions.
  • One of the most important developments in the 20th century was the creation of the specialty of podiatry, which focuses specifically on the study and treatment of foot and ankle disorders.
  • Other key figures in the 20th century include American podiatrist Lawrence Harkless, who pioneered the use of new surgical techniques to treat foot and ankle problems, and British orthopedic surgeon Sir Robert Jones, who was instrumental in the development of modern orthopedic surgery.


  • The study of the foot continues to evolve, with new research on topics such as biomechanics, gait analysis, and the use of technology in foot health.
  • There is also a growing emphasis on preventative care, with podiatrists and other foot specialists working to educate the public about the importance of proper foot care and footwear.
  • In recent years, there has been a particular focus on the role of the foot in overall health and wellness, with studies showing that foot problems can contribute to a range of other health issues, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity.
  • As our understanding of the foot and its function continues to deepen, it is likely that we will see new advances in the diagnosis and treatment of foot problems, as well as new strategies for preventing foot-related health issues.

The Foot Alignment Clinic is a leader in bio-mechanics and foot alignment, inventing and using the latest in technology for lower limb alignment.

Vertical Foot Alignment System invented by Neil Smith of the Foot Alignment Clinic

The Looming Crisis For A Drenched Australia

The story on Skynews starts with

For most of Australia 2021 has been warm and slightly wetter than a normal year, although most rain events have bypassed eastern Queensland, northwest Victoria, and eastern inland SA.

For parts of inland NSW and western WA, the first eight months of the year have been close to the wettest on record. The town of Inverell, NSW, is a standout with 893mm falling by September, the wettest first eight months of a year since 1879.

Read More on Skynews

2022 has kept on trend, with Queensland and New South Wales being included in the torrential downpour.

The Guardian news site said;

A negative Indian Ocean dipole event has been declared, increasing the chances of above-average rainfall over much of Australia during the rest of winter and spring.

It is believed to be the first time since reliable records began in 1960 that negative Indian Ocean dipole events have occurred two years in a row.

Read More of the Guardian Story …

My concern with the amount of water lying around on the approach to spring is the mosquitoes. The phrase “La Nina” bring more than just rain will be true enough. There is an expected increase in mosquitoes, spiders, termites, rodents – and mould. I see mould on the side of houses and fences, concrete paths and bikeways that I have never seen before.

As the Spring weather worms up the Mosquitoes will become more active and their breeding cycle will begin. In the wet areas from Sydney to Far Noth Queensland, the growing population of mosquitoes will bring with it an increase in mosquitoes-born diseases.

Prevention and deterrent for Mosquitoes

Tip out any buckets, containers, pot plant trays or kids toys in your back yard that have collected water. Clean your house gutters. Try to keep the retained water as minimal as possible. Mosquitoes are attracted to and breed in pooled water. make sure your pools and spas are clean and chlorinated or salted to prevent little creatures from making their new homes.

As the Sun goes down the swarm seems to take hold. Flyscreen can help keep the outdoors out, but if you want to enjoy your outdoors for longer use a tropical insect repellant like citronella, lemon grass and cloves.

We have been developing a bio-ethanol fireplace fuel that includes citronella for the last two years. It can be used in an outdoor ethanol fireplace or firepit to add to the ambience of the evening and deter the mosquitoes from joining in on the fun.

97 Fairey Rd
South Windsor NSW 2756

Ph 02 9194 4600
[email protected]

Stories From The Heart

Stories From The Heart

Just a quick note to let the followers of Julie Sursok know about her second book launch. “I’m now called a senior – Stories from the heart” will be available soon for download from Amazon and in book stores shortly after that.

Julie had her original book “I’m now called a senior, WTF” listed in an earlier article on and I know you will be looking forward to this book in the series.

Reach out to Julie or Join the Book Launch Here!

Website Hosting Protection by CJ Tech Support

The following sections make up the relevant structure of this simple research document.

  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Security principles
  • Summary


Website hosting protection. What do we need protection from? Shouldn’t a website represent the thoughts and ideas of the creator and exist securely on the internet? Doesn’t the hosting software and provider automatically have enough resources and restrictions to support my website’s security needs? In an ideal world, this should be the case. Hosting services may not be enough to keep your website safe in the real world of nefarious bots, malware, and cross-site scripting.

A professional website developer should take all reasonable responsibility to protect website security. This document will list the minimal viable security measures necessary for site security.

Read More…

So You’re Called A Senior

Julie Sursok, Im now called a senior interview with Carl Landau
So You’re a Senior, WTF! 
Julie Sursok is an inspiring breakthrough author of the best-selling book “I’m Now called a Senior WTF.” Julie is a senior herself. She has run her own successful businesses, performed on stage and television and is an award-winning recording artist.
Julie emigrated from South Africa to Australia mastering the challenges of losing everything to rise back up again. And now with laughter, humility and life experience she is passionately inspiring seniors to stand tall and feel relevant again.

Read More …

Searching for a Chiropodist or Podiatrist

QRCode: Share this article Searching for a Chiropodist or Podiatrist
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New article “Searching for a Chiropodist or Podiatrist“. This article explains the difference and the best practice technique to search Google for a Chiropodist, Podiatrist or Pedorthist.

A Chiropodist and a Podiatrist are medical professionals dedicated to studying, diagnosing, and treating disorders of the feet, ankle, and lower legs. A chiropodist is an older term, not as often used in Australia.

Neil Smith with his invention VFAS
Neil Smith and The VFAS device.

Suppose you are searching on Google for a professional that can help you with foot pain or discomfort. In that case, I recommend that you try to find a local podiatrist by entering the the term podiatrist and then the suburb or location.

E.g. podiatrist Marrickville or podiatrist Leichhardt, if you need to expand the possibilities use something like podiatrist inner west.

Read More …

What is Isopropyl Alcohol?


Isopropyl Alcohol or IPA is one of the most common solvents in the world. It is often known as rubbing alcohol or IPA. Isopropyl alcohol is most commonly sold in two purity grades – 70 percent and 100 percent.


What can Isopropyl Alcohol be used for?


  • Disinfecting surfaces
  • Making hand sanitiser
  • Cleaning windows and screens
  • Sanitises beauty salon tools
  • Cleans medical equipment
  • Cleans 3D printing equipment

Does isopropyl alcohol kill bacteria and germs?
Isopropyl Alcohol (particularly 60 to 90 percent) is antimicrobial against viruses, fungi and bacteria. It kills microorganisms such as bacteria, germs and fungi or halts their growth, specifically the spread of germs. Isopropyl Alcohol kilss 99.99% of germs in under 30 seconds making it an in-demand and popular sterilisation solution.

What’s the difference between 100% and 70% isopropyl alcohol?
The percentage of IPA correlates to the ration of purified water it is diluted with. Pure 100% IPA is not diluted with any water; common formulas include a ratio of 10 – 40% purified water.

Does 70% rubbing alcohol kill germs?
Yes. Purified water plays an important role in the effectiveness of Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA) as it delays the evaporation rate and therefore increasing the time it remains effective on a surface. 70 percent IPA solutions are most effective in fully penetrating the cell wall, killing the organism. This slightly diluted formula helps to destroy the harmful properties of common pathogens and microorganisms.

What is 70% isopropyl alcohol used for?
70% IPA is the most commonly used form of this solvent. It is used to sanitise areas where germs may be present including household surfaces, beauty salons and hospitals.

Can 70% Isopropyl Alcohol be used as a Disinfectant?
Yes, it is the 70% diluted solution that can act as a disinfectant because the water helps keep the solution on the surface for longer allowing it to penetrate the cell wall of the organism.

What is 99%-100% isopropyl alcohol used for?
The highly concentrated version of IPA is much less commonly used than 70% IPA. Most often, 99% IPA is used in industrial application or in scientific research, on products that are sensitive to water.

How do you dilute isopropyl alcohol to 70 percent?
Although pure isopropyl alcohol can be diluted, we suggest purchasing a premixed 70% IPA solution. Not only is 70% IPA less expensive, it is also professionally pre-diluted, therefore removing any potential margin of error for mixing.


Where can I buy isopropyl alcohol?
Buy from a professional supplier so you know you are getting a pure Isopropyl solution. Here at Labtech we ensure our solutions are high laboratory grade quality so you can be confident it is the best quality available. You are also buying from a reputable Australian supplier – we have been selling Isopropyl Alcohol for over 15 years.

The above content is for information and discussion. We do not claim to be a source of suggestion or scientific recommendation for you or your company. This blog post is intended as a general guideline to purchase isopropyl alcohol. All information and efficiency is subject to a case-by-case basis and is not guaranteed by the seller. The above content by Labtech therefore makes no medical or scientific claims. For further information please visit the WHO and or the Australian Department of Health.

#labtechwindsor #ucardcloud #isopropylalcohol

Ethanol – Food vs Fuel by Labtech

What is ethanol?
Ethanol is a clear colourless liquid that can be made from many different sources including wheat, molasses a by-product of sugarcane production or any starch. It is also known as alcohol The boiling point of ethanol is 78 °C and the flashpoint is 11 °C. there are many ethanol products on the market in Australia are not manufactured for drinking or human consumption. These include for the extract oils, disinfectant, sterilise medical equipment, as a window cleaner, automotive fuel and there are many more uses including indoor or outdoor ethanol heating.

Drinking grade ethanol or alcohol differs from commercial or industrial grades with no addition of denaturants, Bitrex, hydrocarbon or methanol. Ethanol mixes well with water, and you will find that ethyl alcohol is a common ingredient in cosmetics, cleaners and fuels. When using ethanol on the skin as rubbing alcohol it is recommended to dilute it down to about 70%. You can also add in a fragrance to mix with ethanol to make as a disinfectant to use around the home.

Uses for ethanol
Ethanol is used in Printing Ink, Gel and Liquid Hand sanitizers, Scientific research, cleaning window, used in alcoholic beverages, Beauty, Heating, Petrol blends, rocket engines,

Labtech bio fuels

Ethanol – Food vs Fuel
It is important to realise that not all ethanol is equal, especially when it comes to sustainability. There has been much debate around the use of biofuels taking resources away from food production. This debate mainly refers to the overseas production of ethanol and specifically the use of corn and grains to produce ethanol.
The sugar/molasses-based ethanol situation is different, sugar is a sweetener, not a food staple. Unlike corn and grain, sugar contains no protein, fat or vitamins.

Other benefits of sugar/molasses based ethanol include:

  • The molasses used to produce Ethanol is a by-product of sugar production and is not a
  • Ethanol produced from Sugar has 4 times the C02 reduction of ethanol produced from
  • 60% of Australian sugarcane is now grown without irrigation.

Water management practices have been implemented by sugarcane farmers through a Rural Water Use Efficiency Project (RWUE). The RWUE project has lead to 91% changing the layout of their farm to improve the efficiency of irrigation and/or harvesting operations.

Methanol & Hydrocarbon Free Bioethanol
Why should I be concerned if the bioethanol I have contains methanol or hydrocarbons?
Ethanol is exactly the same chemical structure no matter what the feedstock it is products from. However, the added denaturants put into ethanol to stop people from drinking the product varies dramatically. These denaturants are not all equal, and using bioethanol indoors that contains methanol or petrochemical hydrocarbon is unhealthy and dangerous.

Some companies promote Methylated Spirit or Industrial Methylated Spirit. In Australia, Methylated Spirit is a technical or industrial grade of ethanol which is denatured with hazardous chemicals for industrial applications and not for use indoors. The denaturants used in methylated spirit vary and can commonly contain toxic methanol, Methyl Isobutyl Ketone, Denatonium Benzoate (Bitrex) and in some cases hydrocarbons.

Related article – how to clean your make-up brush in one easy step.

Labtech Bioethanol Green Products

Bioethanol the Green product
The biological process of producing bioethanol from either by-products or renewable feedstock which makes bioethanol a very green and environmentally friendly alternative to the petroleum oil, coal and gas-based products on the Australian and world market.
Bioethanol can be made from renewable biological by-products and from sugar production or wheat. In the case of ethanol produced from molasses, it is fermented with water and yeast to product bioethanol. After fermentation has finished, all solids and water are removed by distillation resulting in pure ethanol. The solid matter left after fermenting can be used as stock food or fertiliser and the water can be recycled or used on crops for irrigation. A large percentage of bioethanol produced in Australia is made from molasses.
Bioethanol is one of most common biofuels currently available on the market, biodiesel being the other.

Brightworks Electrical Services

Electrician Lake Macquarie

Brightworks Electrical Services
Servicing Lake Macquarie

Latest images for the Belmont North Project. Before and after Images. Your favourite electrician in Lake Macquarie.

25 years of experience. We offer quality electrical installation and repair services for residential and commercial properties.

We have professional and licensed electricians who provide efficient work at reasonable rates. We are also a proud member of the Electrical Trades Union. All of our services are insured under GIO.

To provide complete customer satisfaction, we always do quality work at rates that would not hurt the budget of our clients. Professionalism, affordability and quality are the fundamentals of our service.

About Our Team
We are a team of licensed, insured and qualified electricians who aim to please our customers. We always offer exceptional service and we strive to do a quality job every time. We always value the satisfaction of our customers, thus, we take our job seriously and wholeheartedly.

115 Dobell Drive,
Wangi Wangi, NSW, 2267
Mobile : 0474 176 576

What is your view of the future

I was posed the question, “if you have ten houses, ten cars and have been on ten vacations around the world, what is your view of the future?”

At first, I thought of other things that I could have or do, and then I realised that the question was posed to mean that I have already done that or have that.

It’s not until you understand the full value of the question that you realise your purpose in life is not about the material things.

What would get you out of bed every day, if, in reality, you have everything you could want?

Your focus might then be turned toward helping others, or growing knowledge. I don’t believe people want to be helped. Everytime I try to help someone, I find that I have taken on the burden and in reality not helped anyone. By making my life better and looking after my family, I can make a small difference in this world.

In answer to the question posed, I think my focus would be on gaining experience, learning new things, creating and writing. It is probably why so many older adults turn to art and painting. The satisfaction of creating and finishing a project would sustain you and give you purpose.

If the stepping stone to achieving your purpose in life is the stressful activity required to accumulate wealth (Your Job), why not by-pass this step and focus on the original purpose. Set aside 1 hour every day to your purpose. 1 hour each day can turn into 2 hours and more. This would mean that you have a complete, full and eventful life full of purpose and creation without the stress.

I found that whatever I focus on gives me strength. If I focus on learning, I am able to learn. If I focus on money and debt, I get stressed and I see more debt.

I decided to focus on learning how to create pipelines of income so that I am not reliant on any one income stream. This mindset changed my life. I am focused on learning. I get up every morning looking forward to what I am going to learn today. Every day I work on creating another income stream that can be created and set into action. With each income stream working, I am gaining another opportunity to spend more time on my passion for learning.

Every morning I ask for the opportunity to learn something new that will take me one step closer to my goal. The whole time I know that the end goal is just an improved version of the life that I am living already.

I am a firm believer in “The Secret” by Rhonda Byrne. The book and the movie are amasing. I play the audiobook every night when I fall to sleep. The Universe does provide.

I wish you well in your future.

Warren Moore